For a long time, Germany was regarded as a pioneer in climate policy. Recently, conflicts have intensified over the phase-out of coal from the energy sector. In 2020, the German Bundestag created the legal basis for a coal phase-out by 2038, subsequently revised to 2030 by the new coalition government of September 2021. This article analyzes the recent controversies from a political-economy perspective and shows the interrelationships and tensions between capitalism, democracy, and sustainability within Germany. In particular, the rise of right-wing populist attitudes opposing a coal phase-out, highlights the conflictual character and the social embeddedness of sustainability politics. The analysis of the conflicts surrounding the coal phase-out makes it possible to situate the future of energy supply in the overall societal context.
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- Academic Articles
Haas, T., Herberg, J., & Löw Beer, D. (2022). From carbon democracy to post-fossil capitalism? The German coal phase-out as a crossroads of sustainability politics. Sustainability: science, practice, & policy, 18(1), 384-399. doi:10.1080/15487733.2022.2069542.
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- Social Transformation and Policy Advice in Lusatia