This paper describes a large-eddy simulation based chemical transport model, developed under the OpenFOAM framework, implemented to simulate dispersion and chemical transformation of nitrogen oxides from traffic sources in an idealized street canyon. The dynamics of the model, in terms of mean velocity and turbulent fluctuation, are evaluated using available stationary measurements. A transient model run using a photostationary reaction mechanism for nitrogen oxides and ozone subsequently follows, where non-stationary conditions for meteorology, background concentrations, and traffic emissions are applied over a 24 h period, using regional model data and measurements obtained for the city of Berlin in July 2014. Diurnal variations of pollutant concentrations indicate dependence on emission levels, background concentrations, and solar state. Comparison of vertical and horizontal profiles with corresponding stationary model runs at select times show that while there are only slight differences in velocity magnitude, visible changes in primary and secondary flow structures can be observed. In addition, temporal variations in diurnal profile and cumulative species concentration result in significant deviations in computed pollutant concentrations between transient and stationary model runs.
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Chan, E., & Butler, T. M. (2021). urbanChemFoam 1.0: large-eddy simulation of non-stationary chemical transport of traffic emissions in an idealized street canyon. Geoscientific Model Development, 14(7), 4555-4572. doi:10.5194/gmd-14-4555-2021.
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